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SMHRIC Resolution to UNPO General Assembly at Scottish Parliament

June 27, 2017
Edinburgh, Scotland

The following is a SMHRIC resolution on China's eradication of Mongolian pastoralism in Southern Mongolia submitted to the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples' Organization  (UNPO) General Assembly at the Scottish Parliament on June 27, 2017. The draft resolution was presented by Dr. Chuluu Ujiyediin on behalf of the SMHRIC, and was adopted by the UNPO General Assembly:


Drafted by SMHRIC
Submitted to UNPO GA
June 27, 2017
Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh, Scotland

Resolution on China's Eradication of Mongolian Pastoralism in Southern Mongolia

To the UNPO General Assembly,

Reaffirming the Southern Mongolians’ right to self-determination, and right to control, own and manage their ancestral lands and territories and other natural resources;

Recalling China’s vote in support of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and other relevant international human rights conventions;

Expressing concerns on China’s hostile and discriminatory policies toward the Mongolian pastoralist way of life, culture, language, tradition and national identity;

Condemning China’s state-sponsored violence against Southern Mongolian herders, activists and their family members, as well as the total destruction of Southern Mongolia grassland ecosystem through state-sponsored extractive industries and intensive farming;

Noting that:

  1. Thousands of Chinese mining companies including state-run Chang Qing, Shen Hua, Da Tang and private miners occupied local herders’ grazing lands, dumped the hazardous industrial and chemical wastes on the grassland without any treatments;

  2. Once beautiful Mongolian grasslands are turned to deserts, causing sandstorm not only to engulf the entire region but also choking northern China, Korea, Japan and even the west coast of the United States;

  3. Chinese state policy of resettling remaining nomads of 1.157 million people across China concluded in 2015;

  4. Displaced herders became homeless, landless and jobless on their own ancestral lands;

  5. As protests spread across Southern Mongolia, thousands of Mongolian peaceful protesters were met with violent crackdown by the paramilitary forces and the Chinese thugs hired by Chinese settlers, including unlawful arrest, detention, torture, imprisonment, and random killing of herders and their livestock.

  6. At least 400 major protests, demonstrations, sit-ins, peaceful interventions, and violent clashes have been reported in the past three years. An estimated 5,000 Mongolian herders became the victims of violent crackdown and the government biased and discriminatory policies against the Mongolians.

Therefore, we, the UNPO General Assembly:

  1. Urge the Chinese Government to immediately halt all forms of violence, brutality, and systematic persecution of Mongolian herders as well as destruction of ecosystem, eradication of traditional way of life in Southern Mongolia;

  2. Call upon the Chinese Government to respect the indigenous Southern Mongolians’ basic human rights and fundamental freedom;

  3. Request the United Nations human rights bodies and other international human rights organizations to send a fact-finding mission to pressurize the Chinese government to put an end to these atrocities.




From Yeke-juu League to Ordos Municipality: settler colonialism and alter/native urbanization in Inner Mongolia

Close to Eden (Urga): France, Soviet Union, directed by Nikita Mikhilkov

Beyond Great WallsBeyond Great Walls: Environment, Identity, and Development on the Chinese Grasslands of Inner Mongolia

The Mongols at China's EdgeThe Mongols at China's Edge: History and the Politics of National Unity

China's Pastoral RegionChina's Pastoral Region: Sheep and Wool, Minority Nationalities, Rangeland Degradation and Sustainable Development

Changing Inner MongoliaChanging Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State (Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)

Grasslands and Grassland Science in Northern ChinaGrasslands and Grassland Science in Northern China: A Report of the Committee on Scholarly Communication With the People's Republic of China

The Ordos Plateau of ChinaThe Ordos Plateau of China: An Endangered Environment (Unu Studies on Critical Environmental Regions)

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